Archived Projects

Since 1998, The Center for Industrial Ecology has collaborated with academic institutions, government agencies, businesses and international partners on research related to Industrial Ecology. Explore our archives to see what we have worked on over the years.

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“Criticality” is the quality, state, or degree of being of the highest importance, and is of particular interest in the case of metals and other resources.

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Among their functions, cities are an important locus for the production, consumption and disposal of products.

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Today, fossil fuels are the main source of greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, while also polluting land and water.

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The Yale Program on Industrial Ecology in Developing Countries was launched in 2007, with the following mission:  To work with international colleagues to adapt industrial ecology theory and practice to the realities faced in industrializing countries related to co-mingled problems of energy acce

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Resource efficiency, the material-related counterpart of energy efficiency, is a core strategy for manufacturing businesses to stay competitive, for national economies to reduce import dependency and create value from closing material cycles, and for reducing negative environmental impacts